République tchèque



The city of Gdansk which dates back over 1000 years, has an abundant history, and is located cight on the coast of the Baltic Sea. Its most representative part is the Droga Krolewska (Royal Way) - the entrance path of the Polish monarchs, stretching from the Brama Wyzyna (Upland Gate), through theKatownie (Torture House) and Brama Wiezienna (Prison Tower) the Targ Weglowy (The Coal Market) and Wielka Zbrojownie (The Great Arsenal), Dwor Bractwa sw. Jerzego (Court of the Fraternity of St. George), Zlota Brama (Golden Gate) and down Dluga Street, until it reachesZielona Brama (the Green Gate). From Dluga Street, the most important building in the city - The Town Hall with its slim tower, can be seen. The 16th century zegar sloneczny (astronomical clock)is located on the corner of the town hall. It is surrounded by many charming renaissance tenement houses, which give us an image of the wealth and tastes of the former residents of the city. The Uphagen House is a museum, in which the rich interior of an 18th century Gdansk tenement building has been recreated. The Royal Way ends at the Dlugi Targ (Long Market) and the Green Gate. It is famous for being one of the most visited sites of the city. The most famous place and symbol of the city to which all tourists visiting the city flock to is the Fontanna Neptuna (Neptune Fountain). Behind it, the wide steps with large stone lions on both sides will lead you to Dwor Artusa (The Artus Court), the former merchant meeting place built in the 15th century. Apart from the building's beautiful interior, the 11 metre tiled stove, built using over 500 tiles, from the 16th century, is worth noting. The 17thcentury Zlota Kamieniczka (Golden House) stands three houses away from the court.

As a prominent port city, Gdansk is home to the Centralne Muzeum Morskie (Maritime Museum) - and the Zuraw Gdanski (Gdansk Crane) - a unique double towered gate that was also used to move heavy cargoes. The museum houses an impressive collection of boats from all around the world, shipping equipment and marine paintings. The Rybackie Pobrzeze (Fisherman's Waterfront) with the 15th century gothic Swietojanska and Straganiarska Gates are located behind the crane. The most atmospheric street in the city is Mariacka (St. Mary's Street) - a uniquely picturesque street, with many tiny galleries and shops selling amber jewellery. Mariacka Street will lead you to Kosciol Mariacki (St. Mary's Church) - Europe's largest brick church from the 15th century. It was built over 159 years, and can hold over 25 000 people, as the length from the main entrance to the altar is over 100 m long. The gothic kosciol sw. Mikolaja (St. Nicholas' Church), kosciol sw. Katarzyny (St. Catherine's Church) with the magnificent 76 m tower and kosciol sw. Brygidy (St. Bridget's Church) are all worth visiting. One of the most precious sites of the Old Town is the 16th centuryRatusz Staromiejski (Old Town Hall) and the Wielki Mlyn (Great Mill), which was in operation for over 600 years.

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