République tchèque



First and foremost, Warsaw is the capital of Poland, home to more than 1,800,000 residents, as well as to all of the government buildings and institutions. It is also "the sweetest of the Polish cities", (according to one of the famous Polish songs about Warsaw) where things are always changing, and life is very dynamic. There is no lack, however, of monuments solicitously resorted after the damage caused by the Second World War. One of the more interesting sites of the Stare Miasto (Old Town) is the Plac Zamkowy (Castle Square), where the kolumna Zygmunta III Wazy (Column of Sigismund III Waza) stands. The Royal Castle stands on the eastern corner of the square, one of the last masterpieces renovated after the Second World War. Perhaps the most magnificent room in the entire castle is the Sala Balowa (Ballroom). The next site worth visiting isKatedra sw. Jana (St. John's Church). From behind a little square the view of Rynek Starego Miasta (Warsaw's Old Town Square) - the most representative square in Warsaw, which bustles with life everyday of the year, comes into view. The Kamienne Schodki (stone steps) will take you down the side of the slope. In 1980, Warsaw's Old Town Square was entered into the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List. From the Barbakan (Barbacan), Freta Street will take you to theNowe Miasto (New Town), where you will find: kosciol sw. Jacka (St. Hyacinthus' Church), Rynek Nowego Miasta (New Town Square), kosciol Franciszkanow (The Franciscan Church) and kosciol Nawiedzenia Najswietszej Marii Panny (the Church of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary)- one of the oldest churches in Warsaw. The Praga district is located on the opposite side of the Vistula River where you will find kosciol sw. Floriana (St. Florian's Church) and cerkwia sw. Marii Magdaleny (St. Mary Magdalene's Orthodox Church).The Teatr Narodowy (National Theatre) takes up most of the plac Teatralnym (Theatre Square), with one of the largest stages in Europe. Grob Nieznanego Zolnierza (The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier) - containing ashes from battlegrounds where the Polish soldiers fought is at Pilsudski Square. The ceremonial changing of the guard takes place every Sunday at noon. The Ogrod Saski (Saxon Garden) - the first park open to the public in Warsaw stretches out from behind the former Palace Saski (Saxon Palace). One of the few churches, that survived the war without any major damage, was the 15th century St. Anne's Church (kosciol sw. Anny) .

The next sight on your tour of the city is the Trakt Krolewski (Royal Way), stretching out from the Royal Castle, through Lazienki Park and continuing to Wilanow. Krakowskie Przedmiescie - considered by many to be the most beautiful part of Warsaw is the start of the long route. Kosciol Swietego Krzyza (The Holy Cross Church) is definitely worth visiting. After the Palac Staszica (Staszic Palace), Krakowskie Przedmiescie becomes Nowy Swiat - a boulevard full of fashionable shops, cafes, and restaurants. Aleje Ujazdowskie and the placem Trzech Krzyzy (Three Crosses Square) with the kosciol sw. Aleksandra (St. Alexander's Church) in the middle make up the next part of the route. The Zamek Ujazdowski (Ujazdow Castle)stands at the edge of the hill, and is now home to Muzeum Sztuki Wspolczesnej (Centre of Contemporary Art).

Lazienki Park is the former summer residence of King Stanislaw A. Poniatowski with the Stara Pomaranczarnia (Old Orangery) and the charming Palacem na Wodzie (Palace Upon the Water). The Belvedere Palace - home to the President of the Republic of Poland, is the large white building on the opposite side of the hill. It is near the pomnik Fryderyka Chopina (Chopin Monument). On summer afternoons, you can enjoy a live Chopin piano concert. The Palace of Culture and Sciences - Poland's tallest building, stands on an immense square in the centre of the city. It is a prime example of social realism, a gift of friendship from the Soviet Union. You can see the panorama of the city from the observation deck located on the 30th floor. The Wilanow Palace and park complex lies at the end of the Royal Way, in which you can see the (Galerie Portretu) Gallery of Polish Portraitsand the prywatne komnaty krolewskie (private royal chambers). The palace is surrounded by a unique and beautiful garden.


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